The best way for multinational companies to pay their taxes is by filing a tax return.
The Taxation Reform Act 2014 aims to do just that.
This month, it was introduced to Parliament.
It was one of the most controversial bills passed by the parliament.
It’s estimated the bill could save the Australian economy $5 billion a year.
What’s in the bill?
The Taxation Legislation Amendment (Investment Tax Credit) Act 2015 allows businesses to claim a tax credit for up to $1 million.
Companies could also claim up to a $5,000 investment tax credit on a $10 million investment, for a total of up to an extra $5 million.
This could save up to 100,000 jobs a year, according to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).
In the longer term, the government says this tax credit would save about $5.3 billion a decade.
But it has also attracted criticism.
“I’m not sure if we have the guts to fund this,” Opposition Leader Bill Shorten told parliament.
What’s the Opposition doing about it?
Labor has proposed an amendment to the Taxation (Taxation Simplification) Act that would allow the taxpayer to claim up $1,000 of the tax credit.
This is in addition to the $1.5 million that the Government already provides.
The amendment is aimed at encouraging businesses to reinvest their tax revenues and not reduce the number of jobs created by taxing their products and services.
However, the Liberal-National coalition is opposed to the amendment.
Why is it important?
Australia’s multinational companies account for about 40 per cent of the country’s total income tax receipts.
This means their profits are taxed at a rate of 15 per cent.
Australia also has the world’s third highest tax burden on small businesses, which makes it an attractive place to do business.
Small businesses account for one in three of Australia’s jobs.
With the introduction of the Tax Reform Act, the Government is also pushing to boost Australia’s competitiveness.
It’s also targeting multinational corporations that have been operating in Australia without paying their fair share of tax.
Currently, they owe billions in back taxes, including on Australian companies’ overseas profits.
How much will it cost?
In its first few months, the Tax Reduction Bill would cost about $3 billion, according the Treasury.
That’s roughly the equivalent of the amount raised from the federal election.
The Government says the money would be spent on improving infrastructure and public services.
It also plans to introduce a tax cut to small business.
The Government has also proposed to boost the business tax rebate.
This will be rolled out over a five-year period and could bring an extra 3.5 per cent to the average tax rate.
Will it cost me money?
It won’t cost you much.
If you have a small business and you are using a credit, you could be eligible for up the amount you are eligible for.
To qualify for the refund, your business must pay its full tax bill every financial year.
It must also have a business income tax rate below 50 per cent for the period from 1 July 2017.
For small businesses that are not currently paying their full tax bills, the GST refund will be available to the business.
The amount is the same as a tax holiday, meaning you won’t have to pay tax at all for a few months.
So how much will the tax bill cost?
It’s a good question, because we don’t know exactly how much it will cost the Government.
In April this year, the Office of the Australian Budget estimated the cost of the measure would be $3.5 billion.
When is the tax reform bill due to be introduced?
If the Tax Relief and Job Creation (Regional Development and Infrastructure) Bill is passed in its current form, the tax credits will be introduced in April 2019.
Under the plan, the refund would start to roll out in the first quarter of 2020.
Is it a tax increase?
As the bill was passed in March, the Treasurer’s office estimated it would increase the rate of tax by $1 per cent, but this was disputed by the Tax Foundation.
At the same time, the budget said the tax rebate would also increase to $500 for small businesses.
Where will the money come from?
While the Government estimates the bill will save $5 billions over the next five years, there is also a risk the Government will find a way around this.
Labor estimates the tax reforms would cost around $3 trillion over the period 2019 to 2021.
Opposition Leader Bill Blair has called on the Government to find another way to reduce the amount of money it will need to raise.
Could it lead to a double dip?
Tax breaks could be used to offset any revenue lost